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What are causes of Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism affects around 1 in 100 people in the United States of America. Women are more likely to have a hyperthyroid compared to men. In fact, nearly 1 in every 10 women have hyperthyroidism. 

What are signs and symptoms and treatment of hyperthyroidism?

Hyperthyroidism is the name given for the condition when the thyroid gland is producing too many thyroid hormones. These hormones have an affect on the metabolism and while this is so it can result in unintended weight loss. 

The body’s metabolism works harder in hyperthyroidism and  thus it could also lead to an irregular heart beat. 
The symptoms and diagnosis of hyperthyroidism isn't always easy to see. In some cases, hyperthyroidism can mask other underlying health conditions. There are however, some signs that may be an indication of hyperthyroidism. 

Hyperthyroidism signs and symptoms include but are not limited to the following: 

Increased apatite

People with an overactive thyroid will often experience an increase in appetite. But while they might eat more, they may not necessarily pick up any weight in the process. 

Irregular heartbeat

Oftentimes the condition can change the heartbeat. Some patients experience a faster heartbeat while others experience an irregular one. 

Higher feelings of nervousness and anxiety 

Hormones have many affects on our bodies. If the thyroid gland is producing too much thyroid hormones it can lead to feeling uneasy, agitated, irritable, and intolerant of heat.

Other symptoms include but are not limited to:

Other symptoms could include, skin thinning, trouble sleeping, thinning hair, tremors, goiter (enlarging of neck), and sweating to name a few. 

Hyperthyroidism causes

For every condition there’s a root cause. A thyroid condition such as hyperthyroidism may be caused by inflammation. 

  • Other illnesses may bring it on (Grave’s disease) - Sometimes illnesses such as Grave’s disease can also result in the development of the condition. 
  • It could also be a case of a tumor of the pituitary gland - This would have to be removed through. 
  • Thyroid medication may be too much - While thyroid meds are there to help it can also cause the opposite effect when it is taken in excess. 

Knowing what are signs and symptoms and treatment of hyperthyroidism will help you manage the condition better. 

Treatment for hyperthyroidism

A doctor will assess the condition and the options for treatment suitable to the patient. Some treatment includes: 

Antithyroid medication

There are mainly two types of antithyroid medication, namely “propylthiouracil” and “methamazole”. These medications are commonly used in the United States. 
Hyperthyroid medication includes beta blockers, propanalol and Tenormin. The goal of these medications is to counter the increased production of thyroid hormones. 
Some side effects include fever, change in taste, vomiting and nausea.

Radioactive ablation 

Another method of hyperthyroid treatment is with radioactive ablation. This could take place after thyroid surgery. This method of treatment “shocks” or destroy any scar tissue left over from the thyroid operation (thyroidectomy).  

Thyroid surgery 

In the event thyroid medication isn't working, the specialist might suggest surgery. Surgery may also be an option if a patient is allergic to the anti thyroid medication. In most cases, surgery works 100%, but surgery also has risks. 
Thyroid surgery has low risks, but these risks include damage to the “voice box,” which will change the tone of voice to a lower, scratchy note. Damage to the parathyroid gland is also a possibility. This gland regulates calcium levels. 

What tests are involved for hyperthyroidism?

Hyperthyroidism tests include blood work and where a patient tests positive, the blood will detect higher levels of thyroid hormones. Antibody screening will help to detect graves disease. Grave’s disease is common in hyperthyroid patients. 

When should you make an appointment with a doctor?

if you're thinking about what are signs and symptoms and treatment of hyperthyroidism. As mentioned before, detecting hyperthyroidism is difficult. Sometimes it looks like something other than the actual condition and oftentimes it can mask other illnesses. 
You should consider visiting your doctor if you’re experiencing a change in heart rate, this can be fast or irregular. Sudden weight loss is also a reason to make an appointment with your doctor. You might also have hyperthyroid if you’re experiencing swelling in the lower part of your neck. 

If you suspect any of these, then it's best to book a consultation with your doctor sooner than later.